A Comprehensive Guide on Selecting the Right Automation Testing Tool!

A Comprehensive Guide on Selecting the Right Automation Testing Tool!
A Comprehensive Guide on Selecting the Right Automation Testing Tool!

Automation testing tools play a major role in delivering high-quality projects at a greater speed, improved accuracy, and higher test coverage. This quality at speed is making a great impact in Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) of testing activities bridging the gaps between an organization’s technical and business departments. 

Hence, selecting the best automation testing tools is critical to your product’s success. So, here are the things to consider selecting the right test automation tool. 

Let’s start with the basics. 

What is an Automation Testing Tool?

An automation testing tool is an application that uses automated test scripts to validate function and/or non-functional requirements. Test automation strategies assist teams and organizations in automating their software testing requirements, minimizing the need for human involvement, and achieving improved speed, reliability, and efficiency.

The Importance of the Software Testing Tool Selection:

Deciding on implementing automated software testing is easy but choosing the right testing automation tool is challenging. Because the success of a product lies in it. Here comes the importance of the selection criteria of software testing tools. The right tool 

  • reduces the time to automate
  • offers reusability of code
  • improves the quality and accuracy of the software/application
  • improves test coverage 
  • reduces manual efforts
  • minimizes maintenance cost
  • generates higher ROI

Types of Test Automation Tools

Selecting the right type of automated software testing tool is important to decide the best fit for your project. Here are the three types of test tools and their descriptions. Read on. 

  1. Open-Source Tools

Open source tools are programmes in which the source code is freely available (no need to worry about licenses) for usage and/or modification from its original design. These tools are available for any phase of the testing process. However, these tools will have few and limited features when compared to commercial tools. 

  1. Commercial Tools

Commercial tools are a pay to use the software. These tools are business-focused and full-featured. They provide greater functionality, robust security, and quick vendor support than open-source tools. 

  1. Custom Tools

Customized tools or custom tools are tailor-made software. In some testing projects, the testing environment and the testing process varies as they have special characteristics. Both open-source and commercial tools won’t meet the requirement. In such a scenario, testers need to consider this type of tool. 

How to Select Automation Tool for Your Project?

The parameters taken into consideration for the tool selection vary from project to project based on the type of business/product, size, budget, and team. Some organizations take licensing, support costs and test reports as a priority and some companies take training and supporting materials as a priority. Based on your requirements, you can prioritize based on these general considerations. 

  • Licensing and support costs
  • Training, tutorials, documentation, guidelines, and support materials
  • Good test reports
  • CI and DevOps support
  • Level of skills and expertise required

Test Automation Tool Selection Criteria and Checklist

There are many parameters to consider before deciding on the best-fit test automation tool for a project. Here is the list of a few key selection criteria and checklists to evaluate the best automation tools for software testing.

(1) Do we create, maintain, and execute test scripts without hassles?

Check the ease of creating and maintaining test scripts. It should be as simple as feasible to reduce manual efforts and time. Also, make sure the test suite can be executed even by the non-technical user or a manual tester who has little technical knowledge. 

(2) Does it support Desktop, Web, and Mobile applications?

Selecting different test automation tools for different types of platforms is easy but difficult to handle. It is expensive as well. So, it is preferable to choose a tool that supports all the above three platforms.

(3) Do they provide Training and Support materials?

Providing documentation and support must be an integral part of the tool to understand and implement the tool without hassles. So, make sure the tool provider provides extensive and hands-on support through training, tutorials, documentation, guidelines, etc. 

(4) Does the tool provide detailed reporting?

Reports help managers make accurate and informed decisions. Reports must be simple yet detailed to understand easily. The more informative and insightful the reports are, the more it helps testers test and analyze errors and their causes, improves test coverage and effectiveness, etc. 

(5) Does it provide CI, DevOps tool integration support?

The purpose of CI/CD is to reduce the TTM (Time to Market) by building software or application fast, testing it fast, and making the final product bug-free. So, the tool you choose must support CI and DevOps tool integration. Otherwise, it reduces the test effectiveness in Agile projects where speed is the top-most priority. 

(6) Does it support cross-browser testing?

The tool must be compatible with all the latest browsers because all your users won’t use a single browser and the same version. So, the tool you choose must have the capability to use the same test cases (test case reusability) across all browsers and their various versions and to ensure the same quality across all browsers. 

(7) Does it support keywords and data-driven testing?

Test data and test scripts are separated in data-driven testing frameworks, making it easy to maintain and update the test data at any moment without affecting the test scripts. Changes to the test scripts can also be made without affecting the test data. And keyword-driven testing is an extension to data-driven testing. The test framework needs to be expanded as the complexity of the project grows. So, make sure the tool you choose can be connected to any data source. 

(8) Does it provide Record and Playback?

The Record and Playback feature records the user activity and imitates it. Thus, it makes the testing easier and quicker. Ensure the tool you choose has this feature. Because it saves your precious time and accelerates your software development releases.

(9) Does it support other tool integrations?

Ensure whether the tool supports bug reporting/tracking, test data management, and project management tools such as Jira, dropbox, etc. for seamless test execution, improve productivity, and reduce costs of development. 

(10) What is the required level of programming skills and expertise?

If you select an automation tool, you must learn the tool and the language used in it. Know the number of writing scripts languages such as Java, C#, Python, JavaScript, and Ruby used in the tool. If you have skilled resources for those languages, it won’t be a problem. If you do not have, it adds cost for training your staff. If you have budget constraints, make sure to select the language which is familiar to your resources to minimize the learning curve for them. 

(11) What is the Actual cost of the tool?

The cost of the automation testing tool comprises Licensing, Training, Support, and Upgrade fees. Some providers do not mention all these costs associated with the tool except license cost. So, ask them all the hidden costs before you buy software testing tools or avail of test automation services. Ensure it is reasonable when compared to the value and benefit it can bring to your product. 

(12) Do they provide technical support and assistance?

Check for the training material, tutorials, and videos of the automation testing tool you chose. Check their medium of communication to your queries such as phone, email, or forum. And check whether they are available round-the-clock to answer your queries and solve technical issues. 

Steps for Selection of Tool:

This is the flow or process for selecting the right testing tool for automation.

  1. List down your project requirements

Understanding your project goals and requirements precisely is the key driver for the selection of the right tool. Acquire a deep understanding of your project requirements such as project type (web/desktop/mobile), its size, the scope of the project, in-house team’s expertise in coding, etc. 

  1. Consider your existing tool as a benchmark

List out all the advantages and disadvantages of your current automation tool if you are already using automation testing. It is very helpful before you evaluate other testing tools in software testing. Because at this point, you will know what features you require and what not. 

  1. Identify the key criteria suitable for your project 

Evaluate the tool’s ease of creating and maintaining test scripts, ease of test execution even for the non-technical user, supported platforms, support for cross-browser testing and data-driven testing, technical support and assistance, etc. 

  1. Evaluate the available tools and vendors 

Based on your project’s and testing requirements, make a shortlist of all open and commercial automation testing tools list, analyze them, and decide the tool that meets your criteria. Besides, make sure to verify the vendor’s reputation, frequency of tool update, after-sale support, etc. 

  1. Trial the tool before you buy it

Many automation testing tool providers make available their trial version for download. Evaluate the tool’s quality by doing a trial run and launching a pilot.

  1. Estimate the cost and benefit

Make sure the tool you choose must improve your productivity of test execution and minimize the management efforts. The cost of the tool must be reasonable in comparison to the value and benefit it can bring to your teams.

Conclusion:

It might take a long time to select the right tool but it can go a long way in ensuring quality and successful test execution. Automation testing tools such as QATTS will be the best fit for needs as it has all the features included in the selection criteria and checklist. 

This is where QATTS comes into the picture for you, as we at QATTS, always strive to make Automation Testing easy for our customers. No matter what your requirements could be, we will always be here to deliver them to you.

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