How to test an ecommerce website?

How to test an ecommerce website?

Welcome to the world of ecommerce website testing, where every click and conversion matters.  

In today’s fast-paced digital landscape, having a high-performing online store is crucial to success. But how do you ensure that your website is optimized for maximum performance?  

That’s where e-commerce website testing comes in. By systematically analyzing and evaluating every aspect of your website, from design and functionality to user experience and loading speed, you can unlock the secrets to a high-performing online store. This article will explore about how to test ecommerce website , the key elements to focus on, and the strategies you can implement to optimize your online store. So, whether you’re a seasoned e-commerce entrepreneur or just starting out, Let’s get ready to uncover the secrets! 

What Is Ecommerce Testing? 

E-Commerce testing refers to the process of systematically evaluating and verifying the functionality, usability, performance, security, and other aspects of an eCommerce website or application. This type of testing is crucial for ensuring that the online store or platform is functioning as intended and providing a seamless and satisfying user experience for customers. 

What To Test on E-Commerce Websites? 

Testing an eCommerce website is crucial to ensure its functionality, usability, and security. As an eCommerce website typically consists of several pages, each serving a different purpose, it’s essential to perform comprehensive testing on each page. Below, we’ll outline what to test on various pages of an eCommerce website: 

1. Homepage: 

  • Ensure that the homepage loads quickly and displays all necessary elements properly.
  • Verify that the navigation menu works correctly and directs users to the appropriate categories and pages.
  • Check for any broken links or images on the homepage.
  • Test the search functionality to ensure it returns relevant results.
  • Check for any special offers, promotions, or banners, and verify they are displayed correctly. 

2. Product Listing Page: 

  • Verify that the products are displayed with accurate information, including images, titles, prices, and descriptions. 
  • Test sorting and filtering options to make sure they work correctly. 
  • Check pagination if the page displays a large number of products. 
  • Ensure that the “Add to Cart” buttons or options are functional for each product. 

3. Product Details Page: 

  • Verify that all product information is accurate and consistent with the listing page. 
  • Check that product images can be enlarged and viewed in detail. 
  • Test the availability of product options (e.g., size, color) and their impact on pricing and stock levels. 
  • Ensure that the “Add to Cart” and “Buy Now” options work as intended.
  • Test product reviews and ratings (if applicable) to ensure they display correctly. 

4. Shopping Cart: 

  • Test adding products to the cart and verify that they are correctly displayed. 
  • Check the accuracy of the cart total, including product prices, taxes, shipping, and any applicable discounts. 
  • Test updating and removing items from the cart. 
  • Ensure that the cart displays an appropriate message if it’s empty. 
  • Check the “Proceed to Checkout” button to ensure a smooth transition to the checkout process.

5. Checkout Process: 

  • Test the different stages of the checkout process (e.g., shipping address, payment details, order review). 
  • Verify that users can enter valid information in each field (e.g., address, email, credit card). 
  • Test different payment methods (e.g., credit card, PayPal) to ensure they are processed correctly.
  • Check for order summary accuracy before finalizing the purchase. 
  • Test the order confirmation page and email notification. 

6. User Account and Profile: 

  • Test the registration and login process to ensure user accounts are created and accessed correctly. 
  • Verify that users can update their account information (e.g., password, shipping address) successfully. 
  • Test order history and order tracking functionalities. 
  • Ensure that users can manage subscriptions, if applicable. 

7. Contact and Support Pages: 

  • Test the contact form to ensure users can send messages to customer support. 
  • Verify that all support information (e.g., email, phone number) is accurate and up to date. 
  • Test any chat or live support features, if available. 

8. Payment and Security: 

  • Perform security testing to ensure the website is protected against common vulnerabilities (e.g., SQL injection, cross-site scripting). 
  • Test SSL certificates to ensure secure communication between the website and users.
  • Verify that sensitive information (e.g., credit card details) is handled securely and is not stored in plain text. 

9. Mobile Responsiveness: 

  • Test the website on various mobile devices to ensure it is responsive and user-friendly on smaller screens. 

10. Browser Compatibility: 

  • Test the website on different browsers (e.g., Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge) to ensure compatibility and consistent performance. 

11. Performance and Load Testing: 

  • Check website performance, load times, and server response times, especially during peak traffic.

12. Localization and Internationalization: 

  • Test the website with different language settings and currencies to ensure proper localization and internationalization support. 
    Remember that testing should cover both functional aspects (ensuring things work as expected) and non-functional aspects (e.g., usability, security, performance) to provide a seamless shopping experience to users and boost their confidence in the eCommerce platform. Automated testing by using tools like QATTS can also be utilized to expedite the process and maintain consistent results across multiple test runs. 

Common Bugs in eCommerce Website Testing 

Testing an eCommerce website thoroughly is essential to ensure its smooth functionality and prevent any potential issues that could harm the user experience or lead to financial losses. Here are some common bugs that can occur in eCommerce website testing: 

  1. Payment Gateway Integration Failure: The website may encounter issues in processing payments, resulting in failed transactions and frustrated customers. 
  2. Broken Links and Missing Images: Links that lead to non-existent pages and images that fail to load can lead to a poor user experience and deter potential buyers. 
  3. Incorrect Pricing and Discounts: Incorrectly applied discounts, pricing errors, or inconsistent product prices can mislead customers and harm the website’s credibility. 
  4. Inadequate Security Measures: Vulnerabilities in the website’s security can expose sensitive customer data to potential breaches, undermining trust in the platform. 
  5. Checkout Process Glitches: Bugs in the checkout process can lead to abandoned carts and lost sales, impacting the website’s conversion rate. 
  6. Shipping and Tax Calculation Issues: Incorrectly calculated shipping costs and taxes can lead to unexpected charges for customers, causing dissatisfaction and cart abandonment. 

Challenges of eCommerce Testing 

E-commerce testing is a critical aspect of ensuring the success and reliability of online shopping platforms. As the e-commerce industry continues to grow and evolve, it introduces new challenges that testers must address. Below are some of the key challenges in e-commerce testing: 

  1. Security and Privacy Concerns: 
    E-commerce platforms deal with sensitive customer data such as personal information and payment details. Testing must ensure robust security measures are in place to protect against data breaches, unauthorized access, and potential cyber-attacks. Additionally, compliance with privacy regulations like GDPR or CCPA is crucial to maintain customer trust and avoid legal issues. 
  2. Scalability and Performance Testing: 
    As e-commerce websites experience fluctuating traffic, testing must address the challenges of handling heavy loads during peak times. Evaluating the platform’s ability to scale and sustain performance under stress is vital to prevent slow loading times, crashes, and potential revenue losses during high-demand periods.  
  3. Cross-Device and Cross-Browser Compatibility: 
    With users accessing e-commerce sites from various devices (desktops, tablets, smartphones) and browsers (Chrome, Safari, Firefox, etc.), testing must cover different combinations to ensure a consistent and seamless user experience across all platforms. This involves verifying responsive design, functionality, and layout on each device and browser.
  4. Payment Gateway Integration Testing:
    The integration of payment gateways is a critical aspect of e-commerce testing. Verifying that all payment methods work correctly, ensuring proper transaction handling, and conducting secure payment processing tests are essential to prevent payment failures and enhance customer satisfaction.  
  5. User Experience and Usability Testing: 
    A positive user experience is crucial for e-commerce success. Usability testing helps identify any navigation, design, or functionality issues that might hinder the user journey. It involves evaluating the ease of browsing products, adding items to the cart, checking out, and providing clear error messages to enhance the overall shopping experience. 

The Role of User Testing in Ecommerce Website Success 

While automated testing is essential for identifying technical issues, user testing provides valuable insights into how real users interact with your website. By observing and collecting feedback from real users, you can uncover usability issues, identify areas for improvement, and gain a deeper understanding of your target audience. 

User testing can be conducted through various methods, such as usability testing, focus groups, and surveys. The key is to involve representative users who match your target audience and observe their behavior as they navigate through your website. This can help you identify any pain points, confusion, or areas where users may be getting stuck. 

By incorporating user testing into your ecommerce website testing strategy, you can make data-driven design decisions and optimize your website based on real user feedback. This not only enhances the overall user experience but also increases the likelihood of changes and customer satisfaction. 

Tools and Resources for Ecommerce Website Testing 

To effectively conduct ecommerce website testing, there are various tools and resources available that can streamline the process and provide valuable insights. Here are some popular tools and resources to consider: 

  1. Google Analytics: Google Analytics provides in-depth website analytics and user behavior insights. It allows you to track key metrics, such as bounce rate, conversion rate, and average session duration, to evaluate the performance of your website.
  2. Heatmap Tools: Heatmap tools, such as Hotjar and Crazy Egg, help visualize user behavior on your website. They provide heatmaps, click maps, and scroll maps to show where users are clicking, scrolling, and spending the most time on your website. 
  3. Website Testing Platforms: Platforms like QATTS allow you to test your website on different browsers, operating systems, and devices. This ensures cross-browser compatibility and a consistent user experience across different platforms. 
  4. User Testing Platforms: User testing platforms like QATTS provide access to a pool of real users who can provide feedback on your website. This can be invaluable for gaining insights into user behavior and identifying areas for improvement. 


In the competitive world of e-commerce, having a high-performing online store is crucial to success. E-commerce website testing allows you to systematically evaluate and optimize every aspect of your website to ensure maximum performance. By testing functionality, performance, usability, and security, you can identify and address any issues that may be hindering your website’s success. Incorporating user testing and utilizing the right tools and resources can further enhance the effectiveness of your testing efforts. So, take the time to unlock the secrets of a high-performing online store through e-commerce website testing, and watch your business soar to new heights.

Are you ready to test your E-commerce Website? 

Boost your testing with accurate, cost-effective and faster execution by using the QATTS automation testing tool. Our simplified, smooth and low-risk strategy helps you to take on the tougher challenges of web testing. Why late? Contact us now to test your website and relax.  

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